Informaition Page 



"Prisoners of War-Missing inaction"

“If you are able, save for them a place inside of you 
and save one backward glance when you are leaving 
for the places they can no longer go. 
Be not ashamed to say you loved them, 
though you may or may not have always.

Take what they have left and what they have taught you 
with their dying and keep it with
your own. 

And in that time when men decide
and feel safe to call the war insane, 
take one moment to embrace those gentle heroes you left behind.”


Major Michael O’Donnell,

January 1, 1970 Dak To, Vietnam





AMERICANS ACCOUNTED FOR:  In mid-October and again more recently, DPAA posted changes to the list of Vietnam War missing and unaccounted-for US personnel, now numbering 1,589.  For various reasons, including wishes of the family, DoD announcements are often delayed far beyond the ID dates and sometimes not even made.  The number of Americans now listed by DoD as returned and identified since the end of the Vietnam War in 1975 is 961.  Another 63 US personnel, recovered by the US and identified before the end of the war, bring the total of US personnel accounted for from the Vietnam War to 1,024. Of the 1,624 still missing and unaccounted-for, 90% were lost in Vietnam or in areas of Cambodia and Laos under Vietnam’s wartime control: Vietnam-1,266 (VN-467, VS-799); Laos-302; Cambodia-49; PRC territorial waters-7.  These country-specific numbers can and do fluctuate when investigations result in changes to locations of loss.  Since formation in 1970, the League has sought the return of all POWs, the fullest possible accounting for those still missing, and repatriation of all recoverable remains.


REPATRIATION OF REMAINS:   On December 12th, remains believed to be those of four US personnel missing and unaccounted-for since the Vietnam War were honored in a repatriation ceremony at Noi Bai International Airport in Hanoi.  Turned in unilaterally by civilian Vietnamese and recovered during the 121st period of Joint Field Activities in Vietnam, the four remains were reviewed by Vietnamese and American forensic specialists who determined the potential for being identified as US personnel.  Our Ambassador to Vietnam Ted Osius was joined by specialists from DPAA’s Detachment 2 and the Vietnam Office for Seeking Missing Persons (VNOSMP) in honoring those repatriated.  In remarks, Ambassador Osius reportedly expressed gratitude for the goodwill and increasingly efficient and effective cooperation being afforded by the Government of Vietnam.   The League extends sincere appreciation to all – American and Vietnamese – whose authorization, policy and operational support and/or participation contributed to this repatriation and looks forward to further expanding the level of effort that can lead to increased accounting results.  


DPAA DIRECTOR VISITS CAMBODIA, LAOS & VIETNAM:  DPAA Director Mike Linnington recently returned from his first trip to the three most directly engaged Vietnam War countries.  He first briefly visited Cambodia, then made official calls in Vientiane, Laos, and flew by helicopter to visit DPAA and Lao personnel conducting field operations.  He returned to Vientiane before going on to Hanoi to meet with senior officials there.  On December 5th, Mr. Linnington briefed the Board of Directors on this important, introductory visit that came at a time of ever-increasing bilateral political, economic and military-to-military cooperation.  He also visited DPAA and Vietnamese teams conducting field operations in Vietnam before flying back to the US, arriving in time for a DPAA-hosted Family Update in Portland, ME, on November 14th.   More will be provided when available.  

MORE GOOD NEWS:  DPAA Director Linnington has decided to invite representatives of responsible national Veteran organizations to attend and observe briefings at DPAA-hosted POW/MIA Family Updates around the country.  The League deeply appreciates this return to including our Veterans in these meetings.  Though often general in content, the briefings given are firsthand and provided by responsible US officials. Since DPAA is stressing the importance of outreach and transparency, DPAA-hosted Updates provide an opportunity for both.


GENERAL FOGLESONG VISITS MOSCOW:  US Chairman of the US-Russia Joint Commission on POW/MIA Affairs General Robert H. “Doc” Foglesong, USAF (Ret) traveled to Moscow to meet on November 9th with the Russian Co-Chairman, General Colonel Valery Aleksandrovich Vostrotin.  The two Co-Chairs outlined their hope for renewing and restoring the work of the USRJC and noted the importance of the new Russian Office of the USRJC located in the Embassy of the Russian Federation.  This important office was opened in July of this year and is headed by Maxim N. Alekseev, an impressive Russian official with a diverse background and record of experience.  The League welcomes this new initiative and looks forward to working with Mr. Alekseev and senior Russian officials in Moscow.  It is past time to press forward and end the seemingly endless delays.


ACCOUNTING RESULTS:  Although the pace of joint field recoveries and investigations related to the Vietnam War has resumed to a higher level, the Vietnamese, in particular, have repeatedly called for increasing the pace and scope of such operations, in fact since 2009.  In fact the political climate, regionally and bilaterally with Vietnam, lends itself to expanding cooperation across the board.  Contact your elected officials and ensure they understand that there must be full funding, with increases as needed, including qualified personnel, for the new Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA).




Empty chair honors U.S. military veterans missing inaction.

The black chair will forever remain empty,

a silent testament to the thousands of American war veterans still considered missing in action.


*Chairs come in all type and sizes, but Have one thing in Common "Honor"




The POW/MIA "National Chair of Honor” was unveiled.

At Philadelphia City Hall on Monday, Mayor Jim Kenney, second from right,
helped install the POW/MIA National Chair of Honor.



Kent County DE Administration Building unveiled their POW-MIA National Chair of Honor.



Cardinal O'Hara High School POW-MIA National Chair of Honor.




 POW/MIA Chair, the first permanent emplacement of its kind in California.



City of Thousand Oaks POW/MIA Chair.



POW/MIA Chair at Papa John Stadium.













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POW's Prayer
By Jean Ray and L. Vancil

Your own Son was a prisoner.
Condemned, he died for us.
Victorious, He returned to bring us the gift of life everlasting.
Comfort us now in our longing for the return of the Prisoners Of War and those Missing In Action.

Help Us Father;
Inspire us to remove the obstacles.
Give courage to those who know the truth to speak out.
Grant wisdom to the negotiators, and compassion to the jailors.
Inspire the media to speak out as loudly as they have in the past.
Protect those who seek in secret and help them to succeed.
Show us the tools to do Your will.
Guard and bless those in captivity, their families, and those who work for their release.
Let them come home soon.

Thank you Father.


History of the League's POW/MIA Flag

pow_logo.jpg (11669 bytes)The POW/MIA Flag

Prisoners of War, soldiers captured by enemy soldiers during times of war, are casualties that can all too often be easy to forget.  You can't ignore the image of crosses lined in neat rows at Arlington, and other National cemeteries, that remind us of the high cost of freedom.  In any gathering of veterans, the scars of war wounds and evidence of missing limbs quickly reminds us of the sacrifice of those who have fought for freedom.   It is impossible to forget those Killed in Action (KIA) or Wounded In Action (WIA) because the evidence of their sacrifice is ever before us. 

Sadly, the same can not be said for those who are Missing In Action or who may have been taken prisoner by the enemy and never repatriated.  Since World War I more than 200,000 Americans have been listed as Prisoners of War or Missing in Action.  Less than half of them were returned at the end of hostilities, leaving more than 125,000 American servicemen Missing In Action since the beginning of World War I.

During the 14-years of American involvement in Southeast Asia, and specifically the Vietnam War, more than 2,500 Americans were captured or listed as missing in action.  The politics of our Nation's most unpopular war could have eclipsed the fate of these dedicated soldiers, were it not for the NATIONAL LEAGUE OF FAMILIES.  As the spouses, children, parents and other family members of soldiers missing in Southeast Asia banded together to keep the plight of their loved ones before the American conscience, the organization grew in strength and influence that reached all the way into the White House.  Through the League the missing and the imprisoned servicemen had a voice, but by 1971 something more was needed.  Mrs. Michael Hoff, whose husband was among the missing, believed that what the cause lacked was a standard....a flag to remind more fortunate families of those who were still unaccounted for.

It was during this period of time that the People's Republic of China was admitted to the United Nations.  Annin & Company was one of the largest manufacturers of flags in the world, and made it their policy to provide flags for each member of that organization.   One day, while reading an article in the Jacksonville, Florida Times-Union about this matter, Mrs. Hoff decided to contact Annin's Vice President Norman Rivkees about providing a flag for soldiers captured or missing.  Mr. Rivkees quickly adopted the idea, and turned to one of their advertising agencies to consider drafting a design.

Newt Heisley

Newt Heisley was a pilot during World War II, a dangerous role that accounts for many war-time POWs and MIAs.  Years after the war he had come to New York looking for work.  "It took me four days to find a bad job at low pay," he later said of his introduction to "Big Apple" advertising agencies.  But, by working hard, by 1971 he had gradually moved upward in the industry, eventually working for an agency with many nationpow_newt1.jpg (20111 bytes)al accounts.

As a veteran, the call for a flag designed to raise awareness of our Nation's POW/MIAs was a personal challenge.  It was even more challenging when he considered that his oldest son Jeffrey was, during these Vietnam War years, training for combat with the United States Marines at Quantico, Virginia.  As he pondered this new challenge a series of events set in motion the ideas that would create a flag unlike anything since the days of Betsy Ross.  First, Jeffery became very ill while training for combat.  The illness, diagnosed as hepatitis, ravaged his body emaciating his face and structure.  When he returned home, medically discharged and unable to continue further, his father looked in horror at what had once been a strong, young man.  Then, as Newt Heisley looked closer at his son's gaunt features, he began to imagine what life must be like for those behind barbed wire fences on foreign shores.  Slowly he began to sketch the profile of his son, working in pencil to create a black and white silhouette, as the new flag's design was created in his mind.  Barbed wire, a tower, and most prominently the visage of a gaunt young man became the initial proposal. 

Newt Heisley's black and white pencil sketch was one of several designs considered for the new POW/MIA flag.  Newt planned, should his design be accepted, to add color at a later date...perhaps a deep purple and white.  "In the advertising industry, you do everything in black and white first, then add the color," he says.  Mr. Heisley's proposal for the new flag was unique.  Rarely does a flag prominently display the likeness of a person.   None-the-less, it was the design featuring the gaunt silhouette of his son Jeffrey that was accepted and, before Mr. Heisly could return to refine his proposal and add the colors he had planned, the black and white flags were already being printed in quantity by Annon & Company.  (Though the POW/MIA flag has been produced in other colors, often in red and white, the black and white design became the most commonly used version.)

The design for the MIA/POW flag was never copyrighted.  It became a flag that belongs to everyone, a design that hauntingly reminds us of those we dare not ever forget.  Behind the black and white silhouette is a face we can't see...the face of a husband, a father, or a son who has paid with their freedom, for our freedom.  Beneath the image are the words....

You Are Not Forgotten

Personal Note:

After years of deteriorating health, Heisley died at age 88 on May 14, 2009 in his home in Colorado Springs, a week before he had planned to marry his fiancee, Donna Allison. He was survived by two sons and a granddaughter. Heisley's first wife, Bunny, whom he had met while in college, died in 2005.


Newt Heisley (died May 14, 2009) but his family, including Jeffrey, live in Colorado Springs, Colorado.  Few people know the story behind the flag he designed, which is well enough for Newt.  What is important for Mr. Heisley is not that he had the rare opportunity to create something powerful and timeless....that in his own sense he is a modern "Betsy Ross".   What is important to Newt is that the image he created years ago as the result of the tragedy that befell his own son, continue to remind us of the real tragedy faced daily by those who have served, been left behind, but are not forgotten.




On August 10, 1990, the 101st Congress passed U.S. Public Law 101-355, which recognized the League’s POW/MIA flag and designated it "as the symbol of our Nation’s concern and commitment to resolving as fully as possible the fates of Americans still prisoner, missing and unaccounted for in Southeast Asia, thus ending the uncertainty for their families and the Nation".

The importance of the League’s POW/MIA flag lies in its continued visibility, a constant reminder of the plight of America’s POW/MIAs. Other than "Old Glory", the League’s POW/MIA flag is the only flag ever to fly over the White House, having been displayed in this place of honor on National POW/MIA Recognition Day since 1982. Passage by the 105th Congress of Section 1082 of the 1998 Defense Authorization Act requires that the League’s POW/MIA flag fly six days each year: Armed Forces Day, Memorial Day, Flag Day, Independence Day, National POW/MIA Recognition Day and Veterans Day. It must be displayed at the White House, the U.S. Capitol, the Departments of State, Defense and Veterans Affairs, headquarters of the Selective Service System, major military installations as designated by the Secretary of the Defense, all Federal cemeteries and all offices of the U.S. Postal Service. By law passed in 2002, it must fly year-round at the National Vietnam Veterans Memorial, the Korean War Veterans Memorial and the World War II Memorial.



Evelyn Fowler Grubb was not well known by the general public when she died December 28th at her home in Melbourne, Fl at the age of 74.
In January 1966, Grubb's husband, Air Force Capt. Wilmer Newlin "Nerk" Grubb was shot down over North Vietnam.
Grubb became frustrated with trying to get information on her husband and learned other wives were also having difficulty getting information on their missing husbands.
The result was the formation of the National League of POW/MIA Families. In 1971 and 1972, she served as National Coordinator for the organization and played a part in creating the well - known POW/MIA "You Are Not Forgotten" black and white flag
Grubb demonstrated that one individual with passion and determination can make a difference. Thousands of families will forever be grateful for her efforts.

(Op-Ed Piece from the Stuart News, Stuart, Florida, a Scripps Howard Treasure Coast Newspaper)



Displaying the POW/MIA Flag

Prisoners of War and those Missing in Action come from EVERY STATE, thus the POW/MIA flag has precedence over state flags.   The following guidelines should be followed in flying the POW/MIA flag:

  • If flying the flag from ONE FLAG POLE, the POW/MIA flag is flown directly below the National Colors.

  • If flying National, POW/MIA and State flags from TWO poles, the POW/MIA flag should be flown from the same pole as the National Colors, and beneath the American Flag, with the state flag flying from the pole to the left.






History of the Missing Man Table

The table is round - to show our everlasting concern for our men still missing.
The cloth is white - symbolizing the purity of their motives when answering the call to duty.
The single red rose, displayed in a vase, reminds us of the life of each of the missing, and their loved ones and friends who keep the faith, awaiting answers.
The vase is tied with a red ribbon, symbol of our continued determination to account for our missing.
A slice of lemon on the bread plate is to remind us of the bitter fate of those captured and missing in a foreign land.
A pinch of salt symbolizes the tears endured by those missing and their families who seek answers.
The Bible represents the strength gained through faith to sustain those lost from our country, founded as one nation under God.
The glass is inverted - to symbolize their inability to share this evening's toast.
The chairs are empty - they are missing.

                               Let us now raise our water glasses in a toast to honor 
       America's POW/MIA's and to the success of our efforts to account for them.








  My name is Gary Chenett and I am the National Director of The Order of The Silver Rose. I was referred to you by a Silver rose receipient

  I would like to invite you to our website at http://silverrose.org . We are a Non Profit Tax Exempt Vets group that have been helping Vietnam Veterans since 1997.

   We offer a gratis Silver Rose Medal and Award to all Vietnam Veterans sickened or killed by AO Dioxins, Our award can also be presented to the families of deceased Veterans. I am very proud to lead a group of over 60 Directors all across America in our simple bur important  Mission ,

  We are bringing Honors and Recognition to all of these sickened and deceased Heroes or to their families, also our Primary Mission is to try and make all Vietnam Veterans and Gulf War Veterans know that it is imperative that they have yearly full physicals with catscans when possible.

  At this point the death toll for both Vietnam Veterans and Gulf War Veterans exceeds 400,000 each.

  We would like you to consider working with us to spread the word that this simple yearly full physical can save lives by hopefully having these illnesses diagnosed in early stages before they become terminal.

   We have awarded almost 2,400 Silver Rose Medals and Awards to these heroes and everyone in our group including myself all work as volunteers, We sustain the Silver Rose on donations from all of our supporters,

   If you have further questions please feel free to email me or call at 810-714-2748, I am home almost always as I am a 100% disabled Combat Vietnam Veteran myself.

  We also have the endorsement of the VVA, 9 States and thousands of individuals and many hundreds of individual Veterans Posts.

   Again I would like to give you a call to really give you a feel for our Mission and what we are doing. We are the only group in America that offers a Gratis Medal recognizing the efforts of our Vietnam Heroes.

 I must add we are not seeking money or donations . We at this point need your help in this life saving Mission .

    Take Care , I sure hope we can chat soon at your convenience.

 Gary Chenett





Reps. Amos and Marleau urge Michigan's support for POW/MIAs

Lawmakers introduce resolution for annual recognition for soldiers who are prisoners of war and missing in action


In a tribute to Waterford resident Private Byron Fouty, Ann Arbor resident Specialist Ahmed Altaie and all soldiers missing in action and being held prisoners of war, state Reps. Fran Amos and Jim Marleau introduced a House Resolution today to proclaim Dec. 16 "POW/MIA Recognition Day" in Michigan. 

"Private Fouty, Specialist Altaie, past and current soldiers missing in action and prisoners of war deserve the highest amount of gratitude from the very citizens they fight to protect," said Amos. "I am honored to observe with these brave soldiers' families the unselfishness and patriotism of our men and women who are serving oversees." 

Private Fouty's step-father, Gordon Dibler, joined Amos and Marleau to witness the introduction of the resolution after being welcomed on the Senate floor earlier this morning when an identical resolution was introduced by Senate Majority Leader Mike Bishop.

Private Fouty and Specialist Altaie, both from Michigan, are 2 of only 4 soldiers declared missing in action in the current conflict in Iraq.   

"My heart goes out to the friends and family of those who cope with the devastation of having loved ones who are prisoners of war and missing in action, especially during this difficult holiday season," said Marleau. "However, I am proud to join with my colleagues and the concerned citizens of Michigan in order to remind our loyal men and women in uniform that they are not forgotten." 

                                   The resolution establishes Dec. 16 as 'POW-MIA Recognition Day.'


PHOTO ADVISORY: (From left to right) Pictured in the state capitol: Dennis Koski, Post Commander of the Sterling Heights American Legion;
State Rep. Fran Amos; Gary Tanner, Post Commander of the Dearborn American Legion;
Gordon Dibler, step-father of missing soldier Byron Fouty of Waterford; State Rep. Jim Marleau;
Diane Prater and Tracy Roberts, Director of MI Military Moms and author of "surviving the war from your kitchen table." 



Joe Hosteen Kellwood, one of the Navajo code talkers during World War II, has died at age 95.




The Navajo Nation Council confirmed his death, hailing the services and sacrifices made by Navajo warriors.

Kellwood died Monday at the Veterans Hospital in Phoenix He served in the First Marine Division and fought during World War II in the Pacific front,
seeing battle in Cape Gloucester, Peleliu and Okinawa.

As a boy, Kellwood had been spanked in school for daring to speak Navajo.
But his language skills would later prove indispensable in US war efforts.

The Marines tweeted a video of Kellwood singing the Marines' hymn in Navajo and wrote: "Honor the fallen.
Yesterday, one of the last remaining Navajo code talkers passed away at 95 years old."

Kellwood worked as a Navajo code talker until the war ended in 1945. He was awarded the Congressional Silver Medal, Presidential Unit Citation, Combat Action Ribbon, Naval Unit Commendation, Good Conduct, American Campaign Medal, Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal and WWII Victory Medal, according to his obituary.

The Arizona governor called Kellwood a "hero and patriot."

"Kellwood served with distinction in the 1st Marine Division as a Navajo code talker, ultimately helping lead the allied forces to victory in World War II,
Gov. Doug Ducey said in a statement. "Let us never forget the countless contributions that code talkers made to our state and our country."











I had the Honor of setting down with these two Heroes and listening to their stories.
Sorry to say the "Late" Navajo Code Talkers Frank "Chee" Willeto Jr. and Keith Morrison Little.




Keith M. Little

Keith Little served as a Navajo Code Talker with the US Marine Corps from
December of 1943 until after the war. He fought in numerous engagements of
WWII, including battles in the Marshall Islands, Sai Pan, and Iwo Jima.
Like most of the Navajo Code Talkers, he wasn't aware of the significance
of his contribution to the war effort until much later in life. It was
only then that he understood the importance of documenting their story for
posterity. In conversation about his hopes for the new museum, he speaks
with certitude of his desire to teach the younger generations of the
importance of striving for excellence and of serving above and beyond the
call of duty. Promoting a greater understanding of the Navajo culture,
traditions and way of life is a cause he also holds dear. When asked why
he chose to go to war, he answers simply: "[because] the Japanese made a
sneak attack on the US," adding that he wanted "to protect our people,
land and country." Recognition from the U.S. government and awareness of the Code Talkers
 — even within the Navajo community — has been slow to come. 

It wasn't until 2000 that the Congressional Gold Medal was bestowed
 on the survivors of the original 29 Code Talkers and Silver medals were given to the rest.
Famed Navajo Code Talker Passes Away
January 4, 2012






Frank "Chee" Willeto Jr.

Willeto was born on June 6, 1925 in Crownpoint, New Mexico and enlisted in the 
U.S. Marines 6th Division in 1944. After completing Code Talker training 
Willeto served in the Pacific Theater in Saipan and Okinawa. Following World 
War II, he returned to the Navajo Nation where he worked with the Bureau of 
Indian Affairs roads department from 1946 to 1974 according to the release. He 
was then elected as a tribal councilman in 1974, serving in that capacity until 
1986 when he was elected president of the Pueblo Pintado Chapter. His vice 
presidency was under the Milton Bluehouse administration. He also sat on many 
boards and was a Navajo Nation Supreme Court Justice.
Willeto received the Congressional Silver Medal in 2001 for his service as a 
Navajo Code Talker.
Famed Navajo Code Talker Passes Away
June 27, 2012




The Last of the Original Navajo Code Talkers has Died.

Alfred K. Newman, was born 1925 in Rehoboth, N.M.- died January 14, 2019
last of the original Navajo Code Talkers, has died in New Mexico at age 94.

Newman was among hundreds of Navajos who served in the Marine Corps, using a code based on their native language to outsmart the Japanese in World War II.
During World War II, Newman served from 1943-45 in the 1st Battalion, 21st Marine Regiment and 3rd Marine Division
 and saw duty at Bougainville Island, Guam, Iwo Jima, Kwajalein Atoll, Enewetak Atoll, New Georgia and New Caledonia.
Newman is survived by his wife of 69 years, Betsy.
They had five children, 13 grandchildren and three great grandchildren.


Newman was among 400 Navajos who helped defeat the Japanese during World War II by developing an unbreakable code for military transmissions using the Dine language. 
The Code Talkers have been celebrated in books, movies and poems for their vital role in the war, their courage in combat and the unusual encryption system that stymied enemy intelligence.
Navajo Code Talker Alfred Newman was a hero, and he stood amongst giants,” said tribal President Russell Begaye.
“We will be forever grateful for his contributions and bravery, as well as that of each and every one of our Navajo Code Talkers.

They are national treasures.”. In an oral history,
Newman told of herding sheep as a boy and attending a boarding school where rules prohibited students from speaking the language that would one day help the United States prevail in the South Pacific.
Newman told about a new boy in school who spoke no English, and was upset about something.
When Newman asked in their native tongue what was wrong, a teacher overheard.
As punishment, he was forced to write 500 times, "I must not speak Navajo".

After the Japanese attack on Peal Harbor, Newman and many other Navajos enlisted.
Some were chosen for the Code Talker project.
Because Dine has no words for things like bomb or airplane, Newman told an interviewer, they developed a code.
For example, if a commander wanted two tanks moved forward, Newman would radio to another code talker, "Na-Keh-cheh--tala-he net-zin," or "Two turtles needed".


After the war, Mr. Newman worked as an ammunition inspector at Fort Wingate.
Then he moved to Kirtland and worked for a coal mining company until he retired after 25 years.

Mr. Newman was born in Rehoboth, N.M. and is Naanesht'ézhi Dine'é born for Tsi'naajinii.
He is survived by his wife Betsy Eleanor.
Together they were married for 69 years and had five children: Alfred Jr., Marvin, Cherylin, Donovan and Kevin.

And 13 grandchildren and three great grandchildren.


Other Navajo veterans echoed Smith's words in the Navajo language,
saying Nez "baa hane' yée éí t'áá kódiíji' bíighah silíí',"
" His life story ends here".




Missing POW/MIA's




WW-I               3,343

WW-II            72,784

COLD WAR        126

KOREA            7,676

VIETNAM         1,246
Laos–                                      286
 Republic of China waters     




1,590 Americans are now listed by DoD as missing and unaccounted-for from the Vietnam War: Vietnam - 1,247 (VN-452, VS-795); Laos–288; Cambodia-48; Peoples Republic of China territorial waters–7.


U.S. Unaccounted-For from the Vietnam War

Prisoners of War, Missing in Action and Killed in Action/Body not Recovered
Report for: Michigan


USA S. Vietnam Allard, Richard Michael E4 XX 1967/08/24 Chesaning, MI
USAF N. Vietnam Anderson, Warren Leroy O3 XX 1966/04/26 Camden, MI
USN N. Vietnam Austin, Ellis Ernest O4 XX 1966/04/21 Vermontville, MI
USA S. Vietnam Beckwith, Harry Medfor III E5 BB 1971/03/24 Flint, MI
USMC S. Vietnam Boltze, Bruce Edward W2 BB 1972/10/06 Flint, MI
USA S. Vietnam Buckley, Louis, Jr. E5 XX 1966/05/21 Detroit, MI
**USA S. Vietnam Burgess, John Lawrence E5   1970/06/30 Kingsley, MI
USAF Laos Carroll, Patrick Henry O2 XX 1969/11/02 Allen Park, MI
USN N. Vietnam Chapman, Rodney Max O4 BB 1969/02/18 Alpena, MI
USA S. Vietnam Cline, Curtis Roy E2 XX 1969/09/18 Burlington, MI
USAF N. Vietnam Crossman, Gregory John O2 XX 1968/04/25 Sturgis, MI
USA S. Vietnam Cudlike, Charles Joseph E4 BB 1969/05/18 Detroit, MI
USAF Laos Dailey, Douglas Vincent E5 XX 1968/12/13 Waterford, MI
**USAF Laos Dennany, James Eugene O4   1969/11/12 Mattawan, MI
USA Cambodia Dix, Craig Mitchell E4 XX 1971/03/17 Livonia, MI
**USA Laos Dye, Melvin C. E5   1968/02/19 Carleton, MI
USAF N. Vietnam Feneley, Francis James O3 BB 1966/05/11 Curtis, MI
USA S. Vietnam Gauthier, Dennis L. E3 XX 1969/10/31 Rochester, MI
USMC S. Vietnam Green, Larry Edward E4 BB 1968/03/26 Mount Morris, MI
USN N. Vietnam Greiling, David Scott O4 XX 1968/07/24 Hillsdale, MI
USA S. Vietnam Groth, Wade L. E4 XX 1968/02/12 Greenville, MI
**USMC S. Vietnam Hammond, Dennis Wayne E6 KK 1968/02/08 Detroit, MI
USAF N. Vietnam Hill, Robert L. E6 XX 1966/10/18 Detroit, MI
USN N. Vietnam Holman, Gerald Allan O2 BB 1966/12/14 Northville, MI
USAF N. Vietnam Jarvis, Jeremy M. O2 XX 1967/07/25 Warren, MI
USN N. Vietnam Jerome, Stanley Milton E6 BB 1969/02/18 Detroit, MI
USA S. Vietnam Johnson, Bruce G. O3 XX 1965/06/10 Harbor Beach, MI
USAF N. Vietnam King, Donald L. O3 XX 1966/05/14 Muskegon, MI
USA Laos Kipina, Marshall F. E4 XX 1966/07/14 Calumet, MI
USA S. Vietnam Klimo, James Robert E4 XX 1969/11/04 Muskegon, MI
USN N. Vietnam Klugg, Joseph Russell O3 BB 1970/11/14 Okemos, MI
USMC S. Vietnam Kooi, James Willard E3 BB 1967/06/11 Fruitport, MI
**USAF S. Vietnam Lapham, Robert Granthan O4   1968/02/08 Marshall, MI
USA Laos Leonard, Marvin Maurice W2 BB 1971/02/15 Grand Rapids, MI
USN N. Vietnam Marvin, Robert Clarence O3 BB 1967/02/14 Dexter, MI
USAF N. Vietnam Massucci, Martin J. O2 XX 1965/10/01 Royal Oak, MI
USA Cambodia May, Michael Frederick E4 BB 1969/03/02 Vassar, MI
USA S. Vietnam Nelson, James R. E5 XX 1967/06/11 Ludington, MI
USA S. Vietnam Paul, James Lee W1 BB 1971/02/05 Riverview, MI
USA S. Vietnam Perry, Otha Lee W2 BB 1971/12/14 Detroit, MI
**USN S. Vietnam Pineau,      Roland Robert E7   1967/10/08 Berkley, MI
USA S. Vietnam Riggs, Thomas F. W2 XX 1967/06/11 Farmington, MI
USA S. Vietnam Roberts, Richard D. E3 XX 1969/03/25 Lansing, MI
**USA S. Vietnam Robertson,             Mark John W1 BB 1971/02/10 Detroit, MI
USA S. Vietnam Seablom, Earl Francis E3 BB 1968/07/18 Ishpeming, MI
USAF N. Vietnam Stroven, William Harry O3 XX 1968/10/28 Fremont, MI
USAF Cambodia Stuifbergen, Gene Paul E5 BB 1968/11/27 Augusta, MI
USN N. Vietnam Tromp, William Leslie O2 XX 1966/04/17 Fennville, MI
**USAF Laos Tucci,                 Robert L. O3   1969/11/12 Detroit, MI
USAF N. Vietnam Tyler, George E. O4 XX 1968/10/24 Royal Oak, MI
USAF S. Vietnam Walker, Kenneth Earl O3 BB 1964/10/02 Lansing, MI
USA S. Vietnam Wallace, Michael J. E5 XX 1968/04/19 Ann Arbor, MI
USAF N. Vietnam Welch, Robert J. O3 XX 1967/01/16 Detroit, MI
USN N. Vietnam Woloszyk, Donald J. O2 XX 1966/03/01 Alpena, MI
USN N. Vietnam Worcester, John B. O2 XX 1965/10/19 Big Rapids, MI
USAF N. Vietnam Wozniak, Frederick J. O2 XX 1967/01/17 Alpena, MI
USA S. Vietnam Wright, Arthur E4 XX 1967/02/21 Lansing, MI


Total BB - Killed in Action, Body Not Recovered 19
Total KK - Died in Captivity, Remains Not Returned 1
Total MM - Missing (Civilians Only) 0
Total PP - Prisoner (Civilians Only) 0
Total XX - Presumptive Finding of Death 31
Total 51







The stereotypes are wrong. Let's look at the facts, starting with who actually served in Vietnam.


The image of those who fought in Vietnam is one of poorly educated, reluctant draftees -- predominantly poor whites and minorities. But in reality, only one-third of Vietnam-era veterans entered the military through the draft, far lower than the 66 percent drafted in World War II.

It was the best-educated and most egalitarian military force in America's history -- and with the advent of the all-volunteer military, is likely to remain so. In WWII, only 45 percent of the troops had a high school diploma. During the Vietnam War, almost 80 percent of those who enlisted had high school diplomas, and the percentage was higher for draftees -- even though, at the time, only 65 percent of military-age males had a high school diploma.

Throughout the Vietnam era, the median education level of the enlisted man was about 13 years. Proportionately, three times as many college graduates served in Vietnam than in WWII.

Another common assumption: The war in Vietnam was fought by youngsters wet behind the ears, who died as teenagers barely old enough to shave. In fact, more 52-year-olds (22) died in Vietnam than 17-year-olds (12). An analysis of data from the Department of Defense shows the average age of men killed in Vietnam was 22.8 years, or almost 23 years old.

Though the notion persists that those who died in Vietnam were mostly members of a minority group, it's not true. About 5 percent of KIAs were Hispanic and 12.5 percent were black -- making both minorities slightly under-represented in their proportion of draft-age males in the national population.
A common negative image of the soldier in Vietnam is that he smoked pot and injected heroin to dull the horrors of combat. However, except for the last couple of years of the war, drug usage among GIs in Vietnam was lower than for U.S. troops stationed elsewhere.
When drug rates started to rise in 1971 and 1972, almost 90 percent of the men who served in Vietnam had already come and gone. A study after the war by the VA showed drug usage of veterans and non-veterans to be about the same. And marijuana -- not heroin -- was the drug used in 75 percent of the cases. Of those addicted, 88 percent kicked the habit within three years of returning.


Societal Success:


In fact, Vietnam veterans are as successful or more successful than men their own age who did not go to war. Disproportionate numbers of Vietnam veterans serve in Congress, for instance. Vice President Al Gore is a Vietnam veteran, as is enormously popular Colin Powell.

They run Fortune 500 corporations (Frederick Smith of Federal Express), write screenplays (Bill Broyles formerly of Newsweek) and report the evening news (ABC correspondent Jack Smith).

Actor Dennis Franz, who plays a detective on TV's NYPD Blue, is a Vietnam vet, as are large numbers of real law enforcement agents, prosecutors and attorneys. No facet of American life has been untouched by the positive contributions of Vietnam veterans.

While stereotypes may persist in Hollywood and the media, America's finest increasingly run the country.


Posterboy of Anti-War Movement:

The anti-war movement paraded Vietnam servicemen who had deserted their units as "proof" that it was an immoral war. But of the 5,000 men who deserted for various causes during the Vietnam War period, only 5 percent did so while attached to units in Vietnam.

Only 24 deserters attributed their action to the desire to "avoid hazardous duty." Some 97 percent of Vietnam veterans received honorable discharges, exactly the same rate for the military in the 10 years prior to the war.

After the war ended, reports began to circulate of veterans so depraved from their war experiences that they turned to crime, with estimates of the number of incarcerated Vietnam veterans as high as one-quarter of the prison population. But most of these accounts were based on self-reporting by criminals. In every major study of Vietnam veterans where military records were verified, an insignificant number of prisoners were found to be actual Vietnam veterans.

A corollary to the prison myth is the belief that substantial numbers of Vietnam veterans are unemployed. A study by the Labor Department in 1994 showed an unemployment rate of 3 percent for Vietnam veterans -- lower than that of Vietnam-era veterans who served outside the Vietnam theater (5 percent), and for all male veterans (4.9 percent).

The same is true for the nonsense that Vietnam vets have high rates of suicide, often heard as the "fact" that more veterans had died by their own hand than in combat. But that's a myth, too. A 1988 study by the Centers for Disease Control found Vietnam veterans had suicide rates well within the 1.7 percent norm of the general population.


Vietnam Warriors:

A Statistical Profile In Uniform and In Country Vietnam Vets: 9.7% of their generation.
9,087,000 military personnel served on active duty during the Vietnam era (Aug. 5, 1964-May 7, 1975)
8,744,000 GIs were on active duty during the war (Aug. 5, 1964-March 28, 1973).
3,403,100 (including 514,300 offshore) personnel served in the Southeast Asia Theater (Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, flight crews based in Thailand, and sailors in adjacent South China Sea waters).
2,594,000 personnel served within the borders of South Vietnam (Jan. 1, 1965- March 28, 1973).
Another 50,000 men served in Vietnam between 1960 and 1964.
Of the 2.6 million, between 1-1.6 million (40-60%) either fought in combat, provided close support or were at least fairly regularly exposed to enemy attack.
7,484 women (6,250 or 83.5% were nurses) served in Vietnam.
Peak troop strength in Vietnam: 543,482 (April 30, 1969).



Hostile deaths: 47,378
Non-hostile deaths: 10,800
Total: 58,202 (includes men formerly classified as MIA and Mayaguez casualties). Men who have subsequently died of wounds account for the changing total.
*8 nurses died -- 1 was KIA.
*Married men killed: 17,539
*61% of the men killed were 21 or younger
*Highest state death rate: West Virginia- 84.1 (national average 58.9 for every 100,000 males in 1970).
*Wounded: 303,704 -- 153,329 hospitalized + 150,375 injured requiring no hospital care.
*Severely disabled: 75,000 -- 23,214 100% disabled; 5,283 lost limbs; 1,081 sustained multiple amputations.
*Amputation or crippling wounds to the lower extremities were 300% higher than in WWII and 70% higher than in Korea. Multiple amputations occurred at the rate of 18.4% compared to 5.7% in WWII.

*Missing in Action: 2,338.
*POWs: 766 (114 died in captivity).


Draftees vs. Volunteers:

*25% (648,500) of total forces in country were draftees. (66% of U.S. armed forces members were drafted during WWII.)
*Draftees accounted for 30.4% (17,725) of combat deaths in Vietnam.
*Reservists killed: 5,977.
*National Guard: 6,140 served; 101 died.
*Total draftees (1965-73): 1,728,344.
*Actually served in Vietnam: 38%
*Marine Corps draft: 42,633.
*Last man drafted: June 30, 1973.
*Race and Ethnic Background
*88.4% of the men who actually served in Vietnam were Caucasian; 10.6% (275,000) were black; 1% belonged to other races.
*86.3% of the men who died in Vietnam were Caucasian (includes Hispanics);
*12.5% (7,241) were black; 1.2% belonged to other races.
*170,000 Hispanics served in Vietnam; 3,070 (5.2% of total) died there.
*70% of enlisted men killed were of Northwest European descent.
*86.8% of the men who were killed as a result of hostile action were Caucasian; 12.1% (5,711) were black; 1.1% belonged to other races.
*14.6% (1,530) of non-combat deaths were among blacks.
*34% of blacks who enlisted volunteered for the combat arms.
*Overall, blacks suffered 12.5% of the deaths in Vietnam at a time when the percentage of blacks of military age was 13.5% of the total population.


Religion of Dead:

*Protestant -- 64.4%; Catholic -- 28.9%; other/none --6.7%.

*Socio-Economic Status

*76% of the men sent to Vietnam were from lower middle/working class backgrounds.

*Three-fourths had family incomes above the poverty level; 50% were from middle income backgrounds.

*Some 23% of Vietnam vets had fathers with professional, managerial or technical occupations.

*79% of the men who served in Vietnam had a high school education or better when they entered the military service.
(63% of Korean War vets and only 45% of WWII vets had completed high school upon separation.)

*Deaths by region per 100,000 of population: South-31; West-29.9; Midwest-28.4; Northeast-23.5.



Winning & Losing

*82% of veterans who saw heavy combat strongly believe the war was lost because of lack of political will.

*Nearly 75% of the public agrees it was a failure of political will, not of arms.

*Honorable Service

*97% of Vietnam-era veterans were honorably discharged.

*91% of actual Vietnam War veterans and 90% of those who saw heavy combat are proud to have served their country.

*66% of Vietnam vets say they would serve again if called upon.

*87% of the public now holds Vietnam veterans in high esteem.




Personnel Missing - WW-II

Service Personnel Not Recovered Following WWII from MICHIGAN - 2,471
*** WWII Not Recovered Total -
72723 ***





Personnel Missing - Korea (PMKOR)

(Report for 348 Michigan Unaccounted For)




Personnel Missing - Cold War

(Report for 4 Michigan Unaccounted For)






Personnel Missing - Viet Nam

(Report for 48 Michigan Unaccounted For)














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